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National flag of Spain

National flag of Spain
National flag of Spain
National flag of Spain
National flag of Spain
National flag of Spain
  • Stock: In Stock
  • Model: ES
  • Weight: 0.00kg

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National flags suitable for both outdoor and indoor use.

Made of special polyester material with increased UV and weather resistance.

Intense and vivid colors, with excellent front/rear visibility.

Polyester Material:

  • 100% polyester, weight 110 gr/m2
  • The material is treated as fire-resistant class B

The material is printed using the latest generation technologies with water-based ecological ink.

The edges are finished with a double perimeter hem, and in the attachment part there may be:

  • pylon/handle pocket
  • reinforced tape and plastic carabiners, for attaching to the mast
  • Fasteners: metal grommets/eyelets


The national flag of Spain (SpanishBandera de España), as it is defined in the Constitution of 1978, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name la Rojigualda (red-weld).

The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán (all proposed flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid). The flag remained marine-focused for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. During the Peninsular War the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the color scheme of the flag remained intact, with the exception of the Second Republic period (1931–1939); the only changes centered on the coat of arms.

Spanish flag legal frame and specifications

The present laws and regulations on the Spanish flag are:

La bandera de España está formada por tres franjas horizontales, roja, amarilla y roja, siendo la amarilla de doble anchura que cada una de las rojas.
Artículo 4 1 de la constitución española de 1978

The flag of Spain consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the height of the yellow stripe being equal to the combined height of the two red stripes.
Article 4.1 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978

  • Act 39/1981, regulating the use of the flag.
  • Royal Decree 441/1981, establishing the detailed technical specifications of the colours of the flag.
  • Royal Decree 1511/1977, establishing the Regulations on flags, banners and emblems (Reglamento de Banderas y Estandartes, Guiones, Insignias y Distintivos)
  • Royal decree of 19 July 1913 (effective 1 January 1913), abolishing the 5-stripe Spanish merchant flag and establishing the plain bi-colour—the national flag without the shield—as the Spanish merchant flag.


The colours of the flag, as officially defined by the Spanish Royal Decree 441/1981 of 27 February, are:

CIELAB valuesCIE (Illuminant C)Hexadecimal code
Flag Red (Rojo Bandera)35°70370.6140.3209.5#AD1519
Flag Gualda Yellow (Amarillo Gualda Bandera)85°95800.4860.46956.7#FABD00
Spain flag construction sheet.svg

The nearest Pantone shades are 7628 C (red) and 7406 C (yellow).


The basic design of the current flag of Spain with the coat of arms is specified by rule 3 of the Royal Decree 1511/1977, that states the following:

  • The coat of arms of Spain has a height equal to 25 of the hoist (height) and will figure on both sides of the flag.
  • When the flag is of regular proportions, having a length equal to 32 of the width, the coat's axis is placed at a distance from the hoist equal to 12 of the flag's height.
  • If the flag's length is less than normal, the coat of arms is placed at the center of the flag.

Source: Wikipedia


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Tags: spain , flag , national , flags